The Greater Caspian Region – A Middle Corridor for Energy, Logistics and Trade Flows between Asia and Europe
he Trans-Caspian Trade and Transit Corridor, also known as the Middle Corridor, is a key block of European and Asian connectivity. Comprised of Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, and Turkey to the west, and Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Afghanistan to the east of the Caspian Sea, the corridor serves as an essential overland route linking the European Union, China, India, and the Middle East. The Middle Corridor encompasses both rail and road routes, with key maritime ports on the Caspian Sea serving as pivotal hubs. The Baku International Sea Trade Port in Azerbaijan, Aktau and Kuryk Ports in Kazakhstan and the Turkmenbashi Port in Turkmenistan provide crucial access to the Caspian Sea and enable connectivity between Central Asia and Europe.
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